Ubuntu Linux -
разновидность дистрибутива Ubuntu, основанного на Debian GNU/Linux, с
KDE в качестве используемой графической среды. Существует в двух
вариантах: Install CD - для установки на жёсткий диск; Live CD - для
работы прямо с CD.
pronunciation: /u'buntu/) is a widely used Linux distribution
predominantly targeted at personal computers. Based on Debian
GNU/Linux, Ubuntu concentrates on usability, regular releases, ease of
installation, and freedom from legal restrictions. Ubuntu is sponsored
by Canonical Ltd., a private company founded by South African
entrepreneur Mark Shuttleworth.
The name of the distribution comes
from the Zulu and Xhosa concept of ubuntu, which means "I am what I am
because of who we all are". Ubuntu’s slogan – “Linux for Human Beings”,
encapsulates one of its main goals – making Linux more available and
easy to use.
The most recent version, Ubuntu 7.04 (Feisty Fawn),
was released on April 19, 2007. Version 7.10 (Gutsy Gibbon) is
scheduled for release on October 18, 2007
The desktop CD allows
you to try Ubuntu without changing your computer at all, and at your
option to install it permanently later. This type of CD is what most
people will want to use. You will need at least 192MB of RAM to install
from this CD.
There are two images available, each for a different type of computer:
For almost all PCs. This includes most machines with Intel/AMD/etc type
processors and almost all computers that run Microsoft Windows, as well
as newer Apple Macintosh systems based on Intel processors. Choose this
if you are at all unsure.
Choose this to take full advantage of
computers based on the AMD64 or EM64T architecture (e.g., Athlon64,
Opteron, EM64T Xeon). If you have a non-64-bit processor made by AMD,
or if you need full support for 32-bit code, use the Intel x86 images